12 Top Vulnerabilities of Web Design and Development
In today’s time, websites include advanced functionalities and cutting-edge features to engage a large number of visitors. It helps businesses grab numerous business opportunities for growth. With the growth of technologies for web design and development, security vulnerability and malware also emerged.
Websites of late are capable of processing users’ sensitive information including insurance policies, credit cards, geolocation, and more. Once users lose this sensitive data, it emerges as a major threat for users as well as the reputation of the company that owns the website. It’s the biggest reason that causes lawsuits and the company may also need to suffer financial loss. And this is the actual reason why web application security is considered to be an important aspect of this community.
Let’s discuss here the top security vulnerabilities of web design and development of the website.
1. Improper TLP
Websites and apps generally transmit crucial information on the network that they use to communicate to users. This information includes bank information, authentication details, and many more.
Meanwhile, these details are often the prime target of hackers. So, to prevent these, one needs to take proper protection. If you rely on a weak algorithm or expired certificate, it is something that tends to affect your transport layer.
All you need to do is make sure that the certificate that you use for your website is valid and uses HTTPS.
2. Exposure to Sensitive Data
This is one of the major security vulnerabilities of web design that aim to take the complete benefit of improper resource protection. When you deal with data and also these crucial confidential data, it is indeed encrypted when it gets transmitted with the help of the network.
As per website designing company, It’s indeed quite tough when it comes to offering complete protection to those of various sensitive data. Meanwhile, one can try a couple of solutions. First and foremost, you can minimize the exposure. If you find the data that you don’t need, then you should not keep the same.
If the stored data is necessary, you need to ensure it’s fully encrypted and make the password strong.
When it comes to cross-site request forgery (CSRF), it generally takes place in the situation when another website finds a user’s browser and performs a great action on the website the user gets authentication. The attackers generally use users’ access details to a specific website and they can also change the website that users logged into.
One can prevent this security vulnerability with the use of a hidden form field that is not accessible to those third-party websites.
4. Security Misconfiguration
Security configuration is a vulnerability that one can use mainly for the application server, frameworks, database server, web server, and various other platforms. If you properly configure the same, it requires authorized access to gather details related to functionality and sensitive information.
These flaws could be the biggest compromise in the system. Therefore, you need to make the software up to date to improve security.
5. Invalid Redirects and Forward
You need to have a system that validates page redirection. There’s the possibility that attackers can redirect your website page to some other malware websites. To protect your website from this kind of security vulnerability, you need to remove the redirection of your page altogether.
If you are not able to do it, you still have an option to choose against involving user parameters especially when you determine the destination. You need to ensure that supplied value is fully valid and also gets authorized for clients.
6. Insecure Direct Object References
It can take place when developers expose a complete reference to those of various internal implementation objects that include database keys, directories, files, and more. These are the crucial details that attackers use for accessing various other objects. Besides, it also causes future attacks for access to unauthorized data.
7. SQL Injection
In some cases, attackers generally use invalid data on various websites or applications to make it function that it is not developed for. If we talk about the common threat of this vulnerability is code injection with the help of an SQL query. And during this process, attackers generally use unreliable and irrelevant data. So, if anything that tends to accept parameters as input tends to be a potential target of a similar attack.
8. Broken Authentication
It’s another security vulnerability related to website design and development. It’s one of the most common vulnerabilities of web design in the security of any website. As far as authenticity breaches are concerned, it is something that is directly related to various logical issues in the authentication mechanism.
Attackers are also capable of using various brute-force techniques that make it easy to guess and predict users’ data. It’s indeed one of the most common manifestations that enable users to use both username and passwords for various website pages.
Be it lack of security parameters, developers’’ lack of experience, or hurry in product releases, there are various reasons why these problems tend to occur. That’s why some prominent website developers recommend a high level of website security.
9. Session Riding Attacks
It is also known for a cross-site scripting (XSS) software attack. It’s considered to be one of the web security issues that tend to impact many websites. This kind of attack is related to injecting various malicious client scripts into a website and also then making perfect use of the website as a distributor.
Meanwhile, this security vulnerability also involves certain risks that enable attackers to inject content into a website and also change its display. It is something that generally attacks users’ browsers for executing code offered by attackers especially when pages load.
10. Insecure Deserialization
Well, it’s another security vulnerability that enables attackers to attack everything while using the website, be it serialized objects or URLs. The deserialization process is something that involves the full conversion of byte strings into objects.
11. External Entities
An improper configured XML is another reality of the security vulnerability of any website. So, make sure that the XML of your website is configured properly. Various XML parsers are prone to XXE attacks. So, it’s developers who are responsible for giving a complete surety that the website or application is free from any kind of security vulnerability.
12. Missing Functional Level Access Control
This security vulnerability is considered to be a common threat to various content management systems (CMS). Everyone gets the liberty to log into the admin page by default. In most cases, even the two-factor authentication method is not used properly.
Any business can’t run properly without having a fully functional and feature-oriented website. Meanwhile, your business tends to suffer a lot if your website includes security vulnerabilities of web design and development. Above are some of the most common security vulnerabilities that any website could have. So, if you think any of the above security vulnerabilities that your website includes, you need to fix them quickly with the help of Website developers before attackers attack your website to steal sensitive data.